A common skin condition that is related to an immune system disorder, psoriasis presents as an unsightly and distressing patch of thickened and reddened skin, known as plaques. These plagues are the result of hyper proliferation of the skin cells, causing irritation and the shedding of the outer layers of skin. Although psoriasis treatment has become more effective in recent years with new research findings about the disorder, many sufferers still experience frequent breakout episodes that may require steroidal creams, injections and oral medications.
The Goal of Psoriasis Treatment
Currently, there is no cure for the skin disorder, and the goal of psoriasis treatment is to minimize episodes and prevent infection. The acceleration of skin cell growth is often reduced with topical creams that contain steroids or cortisone. The action of steroidal medications, or cortisone, is to decrease the inflammation that encourages the skin layers to produce more cells and form plaques of thickened skin. Oral or injectable steroidal preparations used in psoriasis treatment reduce the inflammation of the body on a systemic scale, and are used to treat a severe case that has spread over a large area of the body.
Light Therapy and Psoriasis Treatment
Ultraviolet light, or UV, penetrates the skin and decreases the growth rate of the skin cells. In the therapeutic use of UV light, the affected person may be treated in a physician’s office or at home. The skin is slowly exposed to the UV rays in a controlled and careful manner that benefits their skin disorder and doesn’t burn them. Considered effective in psoriasis treatment, UV light provides an effective result without the usual side effects of some medications.
Laser Use in Psoriasis Treatment
One of the newest treatments for localized plagues is the laser. A focused point of concentrated UV rays are used to cause deep penetration of affected skin layers and stop the acceleration of skin cell growth on plaque surfaces. Recently approved by the FDA for psoriasis treatment, the patient may require between four to ten sessions before they see a dramatic improvement. Psoriasis treatments by a laser must have at least 48 hours between sessions to be safe.
Different Forms of Psoriasis Require Different Treatment
Several different types of psoriasis exist and may be treated differently. Contact a physician if you experience a fever, joint pain or if a plaque shows signs of infection. It is important to find a healthcare provider that has a good understanding of psoriasis treatment and what works the best for each individual.